Motherboard: what and why about use and repair
Integrated (integrated motherboard) – most of its components are soldered on the board, unlike expansion cards, which are removable. The main advantage of such cards is their portability and cheaper production. The disadvantage is that if one component kryaknet, you have to change the whole board (hello laptop / netbook).
Non-integrated motherboard, – has expansion slots with some non-removable components (video card, disk controllers). The main advantage is flexibility in relation to replacement of faulty components. When the expansion card is faulty it can easily be replaced.
For more powerful mastery of the material, all further narration will be broken down into subchapters.
Some stuff from service of computers repair in Cincinnati
Form factors of the motherboard
When choosing a motherboard, you need to remember about its parameters such as form factor. This characteristic is responsible for the ability to shove the mother into the body of his iron horse. Ie, – attention !, – not every motherboard can be installed in your system unit. To avoid dancing with a file around the case and the MP, it is necessary to understand its anthropometry (dimensions). Let’s take a closer look at this.
Form factor – the linear dimensions and position of the components of the device laid by the manufacturer (in the process of designing). At the moment, there is the following classification of the main (most common) form factors.
Despite the similarity of the technological process of production, each manufacturer tries to separate and release its unique product. The main players on the “motherboard market” are: ASUS, Gigabyte, MSI, Intel, Biostar.
Now let’s look at the inside of the motherboard.
So, each of you having opened the cover of the case of your computer can make sure of the presence inside the board, securely fixed with small screws, through the pre-drilled holes. Looking at the board with a glance, we come to the conclusion that it contains:
Ports for connecting all internal components (a single socket for the processor and several slots for RAM);
Ports for fixing floppy / hard drives and optical disks using ribbon cables;
Fans and special ports for power;
Expansion slots for connecting peripheral cards (video / audio and other cards);
Ports for connecting I / O devices: monitor, printer, mouse, keyboard, speakers and network cables;
USB 2.0 / 3.0 slots.